The Effects of Plastic on Human Health and Environment
Plastics / 9 December 2019

In this era of globalization, we can easily find plastic everywhere. Some people said that using plastic is more practice and efficient. But, do you know where plastic was formed and what’s the materials? Plastic is material consisting of any of a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic organic compounds that are malleable and so can be molded into solid objects. The material for plastic called polymer. We can find polymer from nature. The plastic first used was in 1907 by Leo Baekeland. The United Nations Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Pollution (GESAMP), estimated that land-based sources account for up to 80 percent of the world’s marine pollution, 60 to 95 percent of the waste being plastics debris. Of the 8.3 billion metric tons that have been produced, 6.3 billion metric tons have become plastic waste. Of that, only nine percent have been recycled. The vast majority—79 percent—is accumulating in landfills or sloughing off in the natural environment as litter. Plastic waste has been pollution on the ocean and on the land. Plastic takes a long time to be decomposed. It takes up to 1000 years to be decomposed. It can decrease soil fertility, make air…

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