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Education in Qur’an

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  1. A.   Educational Key Concept in Quran

 

Al-qur’an is saying of Allah that has been sent down to our prophet Muhammad saw. This has been human life orientation. It consists of many life aspects that can be developed by human being as well as the can. The main thing that always be discussed is education in qur’an

Many codes that was appeared in Qur’an about education, that must be learned deeper about educational concept in Al Quran. Many indication that was found in Quran about education, such as being honor for other people, fitrah oh human being, history, sciences and many others. In this paper we will discuss about the key concept of education in Al Quran.

Basic concept about education that has been found is coming from the Arabic “at tarbiyah” “at ta’dib” and “ Ta’lim” All come from Arabic language, which its meaning is education generally. Tarbiyah is comes from “robba”in Arabic form, which it meaning is Rabb or god, that can be implemented that all human being is kholifah that had a mind to think, with thinking they can educate another mankind. So it is the key concept of education for human being. And now day it has been developed for many aspects that found lately.

The content of education is not only tarbiyah, but also ta’lim. Ta’lim is the process of giving knowledge, habit, and responsibility from a mind to the number of mind. So the process is called by ta’lim. Ta’lim played a big role to make the best result of education. The right way of ta’lim will lead the educated to bright future. The bright future will be created by the good educators too.

And the other one is Ta’dib. Many scientist get different idea about Ta’dib, in my opinion ta’dib is acknowledgment and education which are cultivated gradually to the educated about a thing that is purposed or lead to straight path, to create the good personality of human being. Without ta’dib the best personality is the impossibility to be created. This is the main key of good personality creation.

Those are the key concept of education in Quran. So that was giving us more knowledge about Quran. In conclusion of this paragraph Quran is not only giving the attention in law, but moreover in education. The education is the main point to create good personality of mankind. The bright future will be created by best education, and it had been mentioned in Quran long time ago. But it just found during 20th century. This is the miracle of Al Quran that never be separated from the time.

 

  1. B.   Knowledge an Knowing process

 

 قْرَأْ بِاسْمِ رَبِّكَ الَّذِي خَلَق   (1)

خَلَقَ الْإِنْسَانَ مِنْ عَلَق     (2)

اقْرَأْ وَرَبُّكَ الْأَكْرَم    (3)

الَّذِي عَلَّمَ بِالْقَلَمِ     (4)

عَلَّمَ الْإِنْسَانَ مَا لَمْ يَعْلَم   (5)

 

Meaning:
1. Read it (calling) the name of thy Lord who created
2. He has created man from a clot of blood
3.  Read and thy Lord is most Generous
4. Who taught (man) with the mediation of Qalam
5. He taught man what he did not know

 

 

In my opinion, according to the chapter that mentioned above we know that knowledge will not come except by reading, reading and reading.  Reading will open our mind about the outside world. And that is the proof that process of knowing is by reading. Knowledge will not come suddenly but it will come by the process which it is called by reading. It has been mentioned in Quran about 1400 years ago. And that was the proof of mu’jizat of Quran.

But we have to aware that knowledge comes from our god, He gives us the knowledge. So we will know all things by that knowledge. This is the structure that Allah informs us in this chapter. Human being should read the thing to know everything. And our knowledge is belongs to Allah swt.

 

 

 

  1. C.   Teachers and Student

 

وَ إِذْ قَالَ رَبُّكَ لِلْمَلاَئِكَةِ إِنِّيْ جَاعِلٌ فِي الْأَرْضِ خَلِيْفَةً قَالُوْا أَتَجْعَلُ فِيْهَا مَن يُفْسِدُ فِيْهَا وَيَسْفِكُ الدِّمَاءَ وَ نَحْنُ نُسَبِّحُ بِحَمْدِكَ وَ نُقَدِّسُ لَكَ قَالَ إِنِّيْ أَعْلَمُ مَا لاَ تَعْلَمُوْنَ

 

(30) And (remember) when you said to the angel of the Lord: Behold I will make the earth a caliph. They said: Wilt thou make him destroy people in it and shed blood, while we glorify You with praise and glorify You? He said: Surely I am more aware of what ye know not.

 

و علم آدم الأسماء كلها ثم عرضهم على الملائكة فقال أنبئوني بأسماء هؤلاء إن كنتم صادقين

 

(31) And he had taught Adam the names of everything, then He pointed out all the angels, then He said: Preach it unto me the names of all, if your creatures are correct.

 

 

From the chapter mentioned above we know that implementation is the obedient that must be applied for student and teacher. The student should obey the teacher, because that is the obligation for the educated boy to the teacher. Without any obedient learning process will decrease day by day. So it must be cultivated in each student, to make fluency learning. Also the teacher should have good character, and being the paragon for their student. The teacher is model of the student, whatever teachers act; the student should follow him as the student model. After good character teacher should have broad knowledge. How can the teacher teach their student without any knowledge? Therefore the knowledge of teacher is something very important to have. Because the future of the student is in teacher’s grasps.

From this verse we know that Al-Quran always pay more attention in several chapters for education. Which is meaning Quran was completed from 1400 years ago. But the essential is just being known lately. What a miracle Quran!! This is just a few of knowledge that we got from Al Quran, there are many knowledge still left in Quran.

 

  1. D.   Curriculum and Teaching

 

The curriculum that mentioned in surah Luqman from verse 12 up to 18 told us to have good character and good personal. Patience, obedient, thankful and etc are the character that we must have. Also believe in one God, that was Allah swt. And another curriculum is mentioned above.

 

125) ادْعُ إِلَى سَبِيلِ رَبِّكَ بِالْحِكْمَةِ وَالْمَوْعِظَةِ الْحَسَنَةِ وَجَادِلْهُمْ بِالَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِمَنْ ضَلَّ عَنْ سَبِيلِهِ وَهُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِالْمُهْتَدِينَ

Meaning:

Call upon (people) to the path of thy Lord with wisdom and a good lesson and debate them in a good way. Verily thy Lord is He who is more aware of who strayed from His path and He knows best those who receive guidance.

 

In ths verse Allah told us that we have to call our brother to the straight path of life. Da’wah to straight way can’t be done without any method. Here Allah gave the method of how the people should do da’wah. But it is not only in da’wah, it also in teaching

Allah had mentioned that the first way, we have to do is “hikmah” which is meaning is the knowledge, the teacher will not teach their student without any knowledge, because that was the reason of teaching. Not only learning method, but also how to teach each student that based on the biological and psychological aspect. Therefore we find now, the curriculum teaching.

The second is “mau’idzoh hasanah” or we can say that teacher should not do the violent. Learning approaches in not need the violent. It must be smooth approach. So teacher should be kind but firm. With these acts Insya Allah, the teaching will run as was as the prediction.

 

 

And the last one is by debating with the kind personality of us. Which it’s mean that we have to know the problem first before solving it. Don’t take an action without any basic thing we know. Also the method is not at random. But with the kind personal we solve the problem. This is the character that the teacher must have. It must be known by teacher and must be applied in learning activity.

In conclusion Quran is the Complete Mu’jizat that it content will never cleared by time. Al-Quran is the most amazing book that sent down for Muslim. The curriculum an education is exist in Quran from 1400 years ago and we just find in 20 century. This is the miracle of Al-Quran

 

 

 

 

 

References:

Hamzah Muchotob(2002) Studi Al Quran.. Gama Media

Manna’ kholil khattan(2001) Studi Ilmu Al-Quran. Litera antar nusantara press

http://kongaji.tripod.com/myfile/al-baqoroh_ayat_30-33.htm

http://forumkajianislamuia.blogspot.com/2009/11/pendidikan-anak-dalam-surah-al-luqman.html

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irfan dwi yulianto


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