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Perekonomian Indonesia

Posted by Winda Dwi Kumalasari 0 Comment

Winda Dwi Kumalasari
Hy here I will write my 10 dreams (expectations) after finish this semester
1. Make parents happy
2. Go to Mecca with my family
3. Go abroad
4. Become a successful entrepreneur
5. Charity to the foundation or orphanage
6. Ip above 3,6
7. Fluent in english language
8. Beneficial for many people
9. Can drive a car
10. Graduation as soon as possible

And i will explain briefly the condition of Indonesian Economy in 2017 – 2018 too.
Bank Indonesia (BI) said that 2017 was the year of Indonesia’s economic recovery. Then next year the economy is also projected to improve compared to the previous year. In 2017, domestic economic growth rebounded in the second half, after being halted in the first semester. This is driven by improvements in export performance and increased private investment. BI Governor, Agus Martowardojo, explained that the government’s strategy was in line with the plan and capable of pushing the economy higher. “We estimate the Indonesian economy will grow around 5.1% this year, this figure is better than the growth of other countries,” said Agus, at the annual meeting of BI, at the JCC, Jakarta, Tuesday (11/28/2017).

The 2017 inflation rate is estimated to reach 3% -3.5%. This figure is in line with the 2017 inflation target, amid pressure from increases in administered prices inflation due to increases in electricity rates as part of energy reform. Agus said, the banking intermediary function had not fully recovered as expected this year. Bank loans this year are estimated to grow by around 8%, or below 10%. Even so, the figure improved from the previous year’s 7.86% credit growth. For next year, Agus explained, BI predicts that Indonesia’s economy can grow in the range of 5.1% -5.5%. Agus explained, economic growth was still supported by domestic demand. “With the acceleration of structural reform the economy can grow high without disturbing the stability of the financial system,” Agus said. Next year inflation is targeted to grow 3.5% plus minus 1%. Then the growth of banking credit can grow 10% -12%. While banking third party funds (TPF) next year are expected to grow 9% -11%. Then the current account deficit (CAD) is predicted to be below 3% of GDP.

In the short term, stimulus from the government will play an important role in boosting the economy. Government stimulus, the moment of elections and the Asian Games in 2018 will affect domestic demand, especially consumption. “Government investment in the form of infrastructure projects will still color the future investment growth,” he said. On the other hand, exports are expected to continue to grow but slow down compared to this year with an export structure that still relies on commodities. Agus explained, the economic outlook in the short term would be a strong foundation for the economy in the medium and long term.

In the medium term, the global economy is expected to begin to increase gradually. Commodity prices also began to grow positively in line with increasing demand.”On the domestic side we believe that the structural reforms launched by the government will run well, based on high commitment from the government,” he explained in front of President Joko Widodo (Jokowi), a number of ministers, as well as financial sector officials present. Government infrastructure projects will accelerate and have a significant impact on the economy. Economic policy packages launched by the government will also improve the investment climate in Indonesia. “Reformulation of regulations in various ministries and institutions at the central and regional levels will provide confidence and a significant impact on interest in investing,” said Agus.Then Agus continued, the licensing system integration and ease of effort would facilitate economic activity. The acceleration of structural reforms that occur naturally will certainly increase the productivity of the economy. Economic growth accompanied by a stronger supply side in turn allows the economy to grow higher without disrupting stability. Growth in commodity prices next year is projected to slow down, although in the following years Ajan commodity prices grew gradually in line with global economic growth.

In the financial sector, BI estimates that the trend in world interest rates will increase, in line with the trend of tightening monetary policy in developed countries. US policy rates are expected to increase once more this year and increase three times next year. Agus said the dynamics of the global economy, economic challenges, and the direction of economic policies pursued by the government and BI will determine future economic prospects. “We expect global economic growth to increase gradually in the coming years,” he said. In the short term, the source of economic growth will be evenly distributed, coming from both developed and developing countries, but in the medium to long term, developing countries will play a greater role as a source of global economic growth. Developing countries are expected to grow higher with China and India as their main motors. Developed countries such as the US, Europe and Japan will grow lower due to problems in aging population and productivity.
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