Perekonomian Indonesia

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annotated bibliography.

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  1. Ari Mulianta Ginting.DEVELOPMENT OF BALANCE SHEETS AND THE FACTORS

AFFECT IT Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan, Trade Balance Development and Its Determining FactorsVOL.8 No. 1, JuLi 2014

 

The development of Indonesia’s trade balance and the factors affected it during the first quarter of 2006 to the second quarter of the year 2013 uses the Vector Error Correction Model (VECM). Indonesia’s trade balance showed positive developments in the period 2006-2011, and growth

negative during the 2012-2013 period. This study also found that it was good in the run long and short term, domestic consumption and the real exchange rate have a negative effect and significant to Indonesia’s trade balance, while the foreign investment variable Directly and GDP of other countries has a positive effect. Negative error correction model value and significant indicates a correction of variable movements in balance long-term. This indicates the importance of the government to issue the right policy to overcome Indonesia’s trade balance deficit, among others maintaining exchange rate stability, controlling the consumption of goods for imported goods, and attract Foreign Direct Investment.

 

  1. Unggul Heriqbaldi (2016). IMPACT OF CHANGES IN EXCHANGE RATE ON BALANCE TRADE: CASE OF INDONESIA WITH TWO PARTNERS BIGGEST TRADE. Input jurnal : Ekonomi 1(2).

 

The relationship between the trade balance

with exchange rates in the case of Indonesia-Japan bilateral trade in Indonesia and America

States using the Engle-granger cointegration approach and

error correction model. The results of the analysis show that in both cases

bilateral trade, in the short term generally the impact of changes in value the trade balance is not very clear, & in the case of Indonesia-Japan negatively related while in the case of Indonesia United States related positive world negative In the aspect of J curve theory, there is no strong evidence in two cases trade that this theory happened. In the long term perspective, it was also found that the depreciation of the Rupiah against the Yen and the Dollar does not improve the balance sheet Indonesian trade. One of the fundamental arguments is not improving the balance sheet trade is the low elasticity of demand for Indonesian imports, so that changes in import prices do not significantly affect the quantity of imports Indonesia.

The economic crisis experienced by Indonesia since mid-1997 has been change the Indonesian economy in various aspects. One economic indicator what changes and has a significant effect on the real and monetary side is changes in the exchange rate of the rupiah against the currencies of several trading partner countries Indonesia

 

  1. Unggul Heriqbaldi 2016.Impact of Changes in Exchange Rates on the Trade Balance: The Case of Indonesia with the Two Largest Trade Partners input : jurnal ekonomi universitas airlangga

 

The relationship between the trade balance and the exchange rate in the case of Indonesia-Japan and Indonesia-United States bilateral trade using the Engle-granger cointegration approach and error correction models. The results of the analysis show that in both cases of bilateral trade, in general in the short term the impact of changes in the exchange rate on the trade balance is not very clear, in the case of Indonesia-Japan it is negatively related while in the case of Indonesia-the United States is positively and negatively related. In the aspect of J curve theory, there is no strong evidence in two trade cases that this theory occurred. In the long-term perspective, it was also found that the depreciation of the Rupiah against the Yen and the Dollar did not improve Indonesia’s trade balance. One of the fundamental arguments for not improving the trade balance is the low elasticity of demand for Indonesian imports, so that changes in import prices do not significantly affect the quantity of Indonesian imports. Keywords: Trade Balance, Exchange Rate, Marshall-Lerner Condition, J Curve Theory

 

  1. Tutik Wiryanti. EXPORT AND IMPORT CORRELATION TO BALANCE TRADING AND BALANCE OF PAYMENTS IN INDONESIA 2003-2013. Input jurnal Ilmiah Prodi Manajemen Universitas Pamulang. Vol. 2, No.2, April 2015

 

Total exports consist of total oil and gas exports plus total non exports oil and gas to several countries. Total imports consist of total imports of oil, minerals, agricultural and industrial products from several countries. The trade balance is the total value exports minus total import values. While Indonesia’s balance of payments is a recording summary of all transactions that give rise to payments or acceptance with other countries. The purpose of this study is to find out

correlation and influence between total exports and imports on the balance of payments and Indonesia’s trade balance in 2003 – 2013. The research method used is library research from the annual report of Bank Indonesia from 2003 – 2013, website BI and BPS, other references and statistical analysis. The results of the analysis show that: (1) the correlation relationship between exports and imports to the trade balance is very strong (R = 0.981) and linear, correlation relationship between exports and imports to the balance sheet payment is strong enough (R = 0.603) and not linear. (2) There is no influence between exports and imports to the trade balance and balance of payments.

 

  1. Darman. FOREIGN TRADE OF INDONESIA-USA. Input : BINUS BUSINESS REVIEW Vol. 4 No. 2 November 2013: 742-755

 

how international trade relations are between Indonesia and the United States, especially in the export-import of goods, particularly non-oil exports; how the value is obtained from the export-import of goods between Indonesia-United States, whether Indonesian exports to the United States greater than Indonesian import from the United States; who gets the surplus of trade between the two countries; and how big the export-import growth rate is, whether Indonesia tends to become exporter or importer. Data used in this study were a time series of the year 2008-2012. The analytical method used was the growth formula and Trade Specialization Index. Based on the trade balance, the value of Indonesian exports, both oil and non-oil, the United States has a surplus and vice versa. In other words, the United States includes a country of Indonesia’s main export, in addition to Japan and China. Value of Trade Specialization Index for both oil and non-oil exports is positive above 0 to 1, then the oil and non-oil commodities have strong competitiveness. Indonesia is likely as a means exporter of the commodity. However, based on 10 major Indonesian export commodities to the United States, as the largest foreign exchange earner for textile examples and textile products, footwear industries, electronic products, furniture, as well as horticultural commodities, is threatened lethargic, because shutdown policy decisions on the government services were feared to reduce consumption of the American people’s imported products.

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