LANGUAGE TESTING BY RETNA RUMAYANTI 20110540018 ENGLISH EDUCATION DEPARTMENT FACULTY OF LANGUAGE EDUCATION UNIVERSITY MUHAMMADIYAH YOGYAKARTA 2013 INTRODUCTION The Background Language testing as a methodology for inquiring and investigating language ability comes from a long and honorable tradition of practical teaching and learning needs. Being central to language teaching, it provides goals for language teaching and it monitors for both teachers’ and learners’ success in reaching these goals. Language testing also provides a methodology for experiment and investigating both language teaching and language learning (Behrahi). The content of language testing is test, assessment and evaluation. A test is an instrument or procedure designed to elicit performance from learners with the purpose of measuring their attainment of specified criteria. Assessment and evaluation are used the teacher based analysis will develop the student skill. A test used to measure the success of a teaching and learning process and also the educational process. A test should be made under the provisions or certain principles in accordance with the treatment given to the object, so that the teaching and learning process can be achieved to success. Student an English Education Department should know how to make and composing a good test, to measure the…
NON VERBAL COMMUNICATION By RETNA RUMAYANTI 20110540018 Marz_day@yahoo.com English Education Department University Muhammadiyah of Yogyakarta ABSTRACT Communication is a human way to interact. As humans are social beings need a way to communicate. There are two types of communication used in the learning process that is verbal and nonverbal communication. Verbal communication is communication using verbal symbols. verbal communication can be oral and written. While non verbal communication is communication conveyed without words. Non-verbal communication using signs for example using various parts of the body, such as facial expressions, gestures, movements of the fingers, hands arms, shoulders, hips swaying and shaking of heads. This paper will discuss more in depth about non-verbal communication. As the understanding of non-verbal communication, example, the types of non-verbal communication and the benefits of studying non-verbal communication. The purpose of communication is to establish communication and invite others to understand what we deliver in achieving the goal without using words.
LEARNING THEORY By Retna Rumayanti Class A (20110540018) English Education Department University Muhammadiyah of Yogyakarta 2012/2013 ABSTRACT Theories of learning based on the learning principles generated than studies of educational psychologists. This theory is a principle to educators to understand about how students learn. In addition, the presence of a thorough knowledge of the theory is expected that educators can connect with the principles and laws of learning the rules and techniques that will be used. There are three theories of learning the theory first behaviorist. This theory is divided into two classical behavior introduced by Pavlov and operant conditioning introduced by Skinner. The second is a cognitive theory, the theory was introduced by Ausubel. And the last is the humanistic or constructivism theory introduced by Roger. Of the types described above will be learning theory in this paper, so that each student knows and understands each of these learning theories. And students can distinguish each theory of learning, which is the most effective of them to be used as a way of learning students according to the circumstances and capabilities.
EFFECTS OF FACEBOOK FOR STUDENTS IN TEACHING AND LEARNING ACTIVITIES In modern education, the student is considered to be the central point of the learning process as a subject that developed through experiential learning. The teacher acts as a facilitator and a better motivator help facilitate student learning, so that students get a learning experience that fits your needs and abilities so that there was an active interaction. Students learn while teachers manage learning resources in order to provide a learning experience to students.