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Week 4 Copy Rights and Referencing

Copy rights? Referencing? What on earth is it?

Check the early pages of your books. You may find this notice:

  • Tentang Hak Cipta:
  1. Barangsiapa dengan sengaja atau tanpa hak mengumumkan atau memperbanyak suatu ciptaan atau memberi izin untuk itu, dipidana dengan pidana penjara paling lama 7 (tujuh) tahun dan/atau denda paling banyak Rp. 100.000.000 (seratus juta rupiah)
  2. Barangsiapa dengan sengaja menyiarkan, memamerkan, mengedarkan, atau menjual kepada umum suatu ciptaan atau barang hasil pelanggaran Hak Cipta sebagaimana dimaksud dalam ayat (1) dipidana dengan pidana penjara paling lama 5 (lima) tahun dan/atau denda paling banyak Rp. 50.000.000 (lima puluh juta rupiah)

Or, you may find this one:

  • Copyright@2008, 2005 Pearson Education, Inc.
  • All rights reserved. No part of the material protected by this copyright notice may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without written permission from the copyright owner.

Commonly used referencing system:

  • American Psychological Association (APA)
  • British Referencing System
  • Others

(note: there is no single-best-referencing system)

Types of reference:

Source: http://www.lib.monash.edu.au/tutorials/citing/apa.html

In text reference:

  • when someone else’s work has directly or indirectly taken into or influence your work, for example:
    • directly quote someone else’s work
    • paraphrase someone else’s work

In-text citation consists of:

– author surname(s) (in the order that they appear on the actual publication), followed by the year of publication of the source that you are citing.

– include page or paragraph numbers for direct quotes, and for paraphrasing where placed immediately after the text which refers to the source being cited

– If quoting or citing a source which is cited within another, secondary reference, mention the source with the secondary reference details: e.g. Smith (as cited in Jones, 2010). Only the secondary reference should be included in the reference list.

Sample of an in-text reference

Material girl was released in the mid of 1980s. It was just shortly after the time when issue of Abortion Right and Equal Right Amendment (ERA) created an intense conflict in the political domain in the late 1970s and early 1980s, particularly in the US (Himmelstein, 1986, p. 1). Debate over pro-contra feminism movement has since long ago become the focus of analysis of many researchers, but Himmelstein made a different claim by stating that the anti feminism movement is related to religious involvement and cultural beliefs on the conventional role of women.

End-text reference

All readings and ideas taken from other authors (writer) should be clearly written in the reference list, eventhough you may not directly quote the words (citing) or paraphrase the sentences from the original sources.

Sampe of a reference list:

Fiske, J. (1989). Reading the popular. Cambridge: Unwin Hyman, pp. 115-132.m

Himmelstein, L. J. (1986). The social basis of antifeminism: Religious networks and culture. In Journal for the Scientific Study and Religion, 25(1), pp. 1-15.

Railton, D. & Watson, P. (2005). Naughty girls and red blooded women: Representation of female heterosexuality in music video. In Feminist Media Studies, 5(1), pp. 51-63.

Can you identify the rules of writing a reference list?


Try to put the following source into a correct end-text reference format.

Exercise 1

Book Title: Kenapa Harus Bicara?

Author : Endro Dwi Hatmanto, S.Pd., M.A

Publication : UMY Press

City of Publication : Yogyakarta

Year : 2009

Exercise 2.

Title : The Islamic Revival and Indonesian Education

Author: R. Murray Thomas

Source: Asian Survey, Volume 28, Number 9, Year 1988

pp. 897 – 915

Published by: California University Press

URL : http//:www.jstor.org/stable/26774797

Accessed: 01/10/2010 02:40

Further readings:

Categories: education


Sri Sudarsi

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